After Voroshilov lost political favour, the new KV-13 model with the KV-85's turret and gun was renamed IS-1 after Joseph (Iosif) Stalin. 2. World War II was the first time that tanks were seriously incorporated into warfare. The SU-85 and the later SU-100 mounted high-velocity guns and were designed for anti-tank work. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/ww2_Soviet_Tanks.php 2. This brutal insight clarified everything about vehicle design, leading the Soviets to embrace a methodology that might be called “The Zen of Shoddiness.”. “Lt. Board index World War II and Inter-War Era Economy Man hours and tank production – SU compared to Germany Discussions on the economic history of the nations taking part in WW2, from the recovery after the depression until the economy at war. In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. 3. Change ). Soviet and German production and losses of tanks on the Russian Front from 1941 to 1945 and could the Red Army have won the war alone ? T-28 Medium Tank Medium tank (1932-41) Soviet Union -503 built One of the first medium tanks The T-28 is almost a footnote in Soviet tank production compared to its little brother, the T-26. The origins of the T-34 are simple enough. Learn how your comment data is processed. This is a list of the former Soviet tank factories.Today most of them are located in the Russian Federation, while only the Malyshev Factory is located in Ukraine.. “Where the tank was decisive was in the battle of production,” Belcourt said. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. It cast steel and armor; produced the engine, transmission, and other components; and assembled the vehicle. T-34 (Soviet Union) This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. Taken together, the overall labor cost of the vehicle plummeted. While it’s easy to ridicule the simple, sometimes shoddy, weapons the Soviets cranked out, it’s difficult to escape the conclusion that the philosophy underlying the Russian manufacturing approach was nothing less than brilliant. The IS-3 saw minimal combat service. Soviet tank troops (Battle of Budapest, October 1944) Several excellent designs began production in 1940–41. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which … back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II One principle the Russians adopted with a vengeance from the Americans was planned obsolescence. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. Perhaps the best known fighters of World War II were tanks. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. This tank grabbed the hearts, souls, and imaginations of the Soviet people and foreign military attachés alike. What official Soviet history is not eager to talk about is problems of Soviet to increase fast their own oil production from late 1942. Captain Offline Posts: 1320 Co-founder of WaT. Neither before nor after WWII was the USSR able to produce engineering sufficiently cheaply to make up for its lower quality. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In response, the Allied forces upped their None of this should imply that Soviet tanks were poorly designed. From an emasculated industrial base that left the Soviets under-producing Germans in coal and steel by a ratio of one to four, Soviet factories turned the tables, out-producing Germany nearly three to one in tanks during the vital 1942-1943 period. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. The SU-122 mounted the lower-velocity 122-mm M-30 howitzer, and was mainly used as battlefield assault artillery against infantry. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. The British annual production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) duringWW2 from 1939-1945: Arms Production: Raw material production for the military weapon production above: Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons): The ISU-122 and ISU-152 were self-propelled guns on casemate-fitted IS hulls. Fighting versions carried 37mm or 45mm guns or even flamethrowers. German Tank Production in World War 2 ... Soviet Storm. It was first seen in public at the Allied Victory Parade in Berlin on September 7, 1945, when the advanced design of the new tank astonished the Soviet’s Western allies. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. 1. The KV-1S was a version of the KV-1 with lighter armour (making it faster) and a new turret (still with a 76 mm gun). Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. The T-35A tank is one of history’s strangest tanks – often seen crawling across the Soviet inter-war era parade squares. In a manufactured product, it makes no sense to have subcomponents that last longer than the product itself. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. masqqqq Member Posts: 52 Joined: 26 Mar 2007, 20:15 Location: Poland. They were they key to Hitler’s devastating 5 week sweep through Poland. The T-34 was originally armed with a 76-mm gun; this was upgraded to a higher-velocity 76-mm, then finally to an 85-mm gun in a bigger turret. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. As the escalation between German and Russian engineers reached a new point with the introduction on the German side of the Panther and Tiger, and the knowledge that something bigger was brewing, the IS-2 was pressed into introduction as soon as its main armament was ready. At the start of the war, the Soviet Union suffered loss of valuable lands with economic and agricultural potential, great industrial losses and human casualties. In combat, tank lifespan was about 14 hours. But by mid-1941, the German invasion had badly disrupted Soviet industry. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. I could go on (1.5 million km of telephone cable! These were disposable vehicles, with disposable human beings inside. Soviet and German production and losses of tanks on the Russian Front from 1941 to 1945 and could the Red Army have won the war alone ? Manufacturing process for heavy equipment on production assembly lines during the 1940s. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II Overtaxed track had gone without proper maintenance; rolling stock and engines needed repair or replacement. During that period the tank’s cost fell by half, from 269,000 rubles to 135,000. The importance of these four areas is also reflected in the principal rail lines. The Soviet Union had 25,664[2] or 25,481[3] armoured fighting vehicles on 1 June 1941 before it entered the war. The increase was just 2% in 1½ years. The T-34 tank's basic design was optimal, and continual development of industrial processes allowed it to be produced in greater numbers than any other armoured vehicle during the war. While everyone knows that time is money, the inverse is also true: less money meant less time on the line. Despite the Soviet efforts, the IS-3 arrived too late to see service during WWII. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . The Soviet Union took part in World War II from 1941 until the war's end in 1945. Building and overhauling heavier armoured vehicles required specialized heavy machinery. With the T-34 medium tank, for example, manufacturers simplified 770 parts and eliminated more than 5,600 from 1941 to 1943. But later was outflanked by soviet tanks and around 6000 panzer IV tanks were destroyed by soviets from Moscow to Berlin. But Tankograd and the other Ural facilities poured out vehicles. This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. The Soviets relocated the salvaged equipment to four towns: Nizhny Tagil, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, and Chelyabinsk. ( Log Out /  Soviet combat vehicle production during World War II[1] from the start of the German invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 was large. WW2 in the East - The Battle Of Kursk. 3. This monumental achievement was crucial to the war’s outcome. True, the tank’s loader had to scramble around inside the hull, because the T-34 had no turret basket in which he could sit. The BT-2 on trials. Medium self-propelled guns were reasonably successful in the pure antitank role, but larger-calibre guns would become more common on heavier chassis, which could better handle their heavy recoil and carry an adequate provision of their large ammunition. Soviet Union (1943) Medium Tank – 55,000 built The Soviet response to the Panther. This massive industrial exodus left the Russian railroad system on the brink of collapse by 1942. List of armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, Soviet armored fighting vehicle production during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Soviet_combat_vehicle_production_during_World_War_II&oldid=994481132, World War II armoured fighting vehicle production, World War II armoured fighting vehicles of the Soviet Union, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. towards research on “Soviet production, employment, and the defense burden, 1937 and 1940-1945”, and by study leave from the University of Warwick. Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII « on: 6 November 2008, 03:35:20 » Reply: The Soviet Army started the war with the same system as the rest of the European military organizations. The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. They computed the average battlefield lifespan of the tank, and reduced costs by not really engineering it where it would last much longer. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In time the truth caught up with them. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Production of obsolete weaponsas terminated and that of more effective weapons like the T-34 tank expanded. Imported raw material and supplies played an important role in keeping the Soviet … This battle may have been the greatest clash of armored forces in history. And they kept production runs long and design changes to a minimum, implementing a change only if it made a vehicle simpler or cheaper to manufacture. Солянкин А.Г., Павлов М.В., Павлов И.В., Желтов И.Т. It was one of the most successful inter-war Soviet tanks, thanks in part to a wide range of variants. Indeed, Albert Kahn himself had designed the tractor factory at Stalingrad. They were both used as heavy assault guns; and both were useful as Anti Tank weapons. Combat experience in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Battles of Khalkhin Gol (1939) and the Winter War (1939–1940) showed the Soviet military that light tanks (such as the T-26) were too lightly armored and that multi-turreted tanks (such as the T-35) were inferior to single turret tanks which guided the switch to the later vital T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks. Doing so reduced efficiency, as even the largest factories couldn’t achieve the economies of scale that, say, an engine provider like Germany’s Maybach or the United States’ Ford could. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE. The IS-3 was an IS-2 with new, advanced hull and turret armour. The SU-152 was a 152 mm howitzer, casemate-housed on a KV-1S hull. Each possessed an existing railroad equipment or tractor factory; the arriving equipment expanded those facilities. Production was complicated by the loss of production facilities in the western part of the Soviet Union, and entire factories were moved east of the Ural Mountains to put them out of reach of the Germans. I occasionally watch WW2 documentaries on television, and one of these programs provided a bit of history on the Battle of Kursk. Paint jobs were lamentably bad; welds often crude-although the Soviets did experiment with innovative technologies. Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. One of the themes of the documentary was the massive size of Soviet armored forces compared to their German o… And as workers learned the intricacies of assembling the same vehicle over and over, assembly time went down, too. In six months, the U. S. S. R. effectively lost 40 percent of its gross domestic product and population, and 60 percent of its coal and steel production. 1st Guards Breakthrough Heavy Tank Regiment from the 11th Guards Tank Corps, 1st Tank Army, 1st Ukrainian Front, Ukraine, March 1944. Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? The Soviets realized they could machine those components to looser tolerances, using lower-quality metals. Imperial Russia had flirted with some designs such as the Tsar Tank which was scrapped, and the Vezdekhod (Вездеход) which did not, however, progress further than a pre-production model, due to problems in the design. Soviet Tank Production WWII Posted on June 13, 2020 Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. Two other regional centers of industrial production were Ukraine and the Donets Basin in southern Russia, near the Black Sea. But it helped keep the Soviet Union’s transportation network functioning. Their main components were produced and assembled in facilities which also built heavy tractors, artillery, locomotives, and ship components. Historical background 1. Soviet high command h… In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the capitalist alternatives. Like the KV-2 it was intended for use as an assault weapon against infantry, but used the cheaper and less exposed Samokhodnaya Ustanovka-designated style of casemate mount. Nazi forces were taken by surprise by a new Soviet tank, the T-34, which advanced on German forces ‘ like a prehistoric monster, ’ shrugging off fire from half a dozen German tanks. Russian arms production during WW2 amounted to 99,150 armored vehicles (including all kinds of assault guns, tank destroyers and self-propelled guns) from June 1941 to May 1945. ( Log Out /  It was soon upgraded to a new turret with high-velocity 122 mm gun, and renamed IS-2, finally giving a slow, expensive heavy tank one clear superiority over the medium T-34. The Ural facilities were huge: the largest in the world, in terms of manpower committed. At 22:56 produced in vast numbers between 1940 and 1958 they used relatively thin steel but. All the time the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but i think the point clear! By Soviet Union ( 1943 ) medium tank was the central hub for track that led north, south east! Was a 152 mm howitzer, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way, 22:56. 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