Question: "What is Puritanism and what did the Puritans believe?" "noPingback": true, Puritans was the name given in the 16th century to the more extreme Protestants within the Church of England who thought the English Reformation had not gone far enough in reforming the doctrines and structure of the church; they wanted to purify their national church by eliminating every shred of Catholic influence. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, These Puritans insisted that they, as God's elect, had the duty to direct national affairs according to God's will as revealed in the Bible. A movement within the Church of England, Puritanism called for the church's further reformation in accord with what was believed to be "the best reformed" tradition, which was taken to mean the doctrine and ecclesiology of Protestant Switzerland (Geneva, Zurich), of the Rhineland (Strasbourg in particular), the Palatinate, the Netherlands, and Scotland. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); 1997); Lake, Peter, Moderate Puritans and the Elizabethan Church (1982); Miller, Perry, The New England Mind: From Colony to Province (1953; repr. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, (1956; repr. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); pbjsCfg = { The most important parts of Puritanism were piety (obeying religious rules), dressing simply, and living a modest life. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); Others would point to the gradual decline in power of Congregationalism, but Presbyterians under the leadership of Jonathan Dickinson and Baptists led by the example of Isaac Backus (1724–1806) revitalized Puritan ideals in several denominational forms through the 18th century. name: "idl_env", { var pbDesktopSlots = [ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, } var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'cap': true dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); name: "pbjs-unifiedid", Puritanism 1. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'max': 8, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. To do this, Puritans sought to change the structure and ceremonies of the church. • That was a false and sanctimonious puritanism, such as had dogged the Inquisitor's own youth. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pbjs.que.push(function() { Puritanism developed in the end of the 16 th century in England. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Early in the 17th century some Puritan groups separated from the Church of England. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Puritanism remained the dominant cultural force in that area into t… var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); “Puritans Going to Church” by G. H. Boughton, 1884. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Puritanism, however, was not only a historically specific phenomenon coincident with the founding of New England; it was also a way of being in the world, a style of response to lived experience- that was reverberated through American life ever since. }] Pompous and patronizing (Describing character, part 5), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. 'min': 8.50, 1982); Morgan, Edmund S., Visible Saints: The History of a Puritan Idea (1963); Peterson, Mark A., The Price of Redemption: The Spiritual Economy of Puritan New England (1998); Prall, Stuart E., ed., The Puritan Revolution: A Documentary History (1968); Simpson, Alan, Puritanism in Old and New England (1955); Spurr, John, English Puritanism, 1603–1689 (1998); Staloff, Darren, The Making of an American Thinking Class: Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts (1998); Trevor-Roper, Hugh, Catholics, Anglicans, and Puritans (1988); Vaughan, Alden T., ed., The Puritan Tradition in America (1972; repr. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, params: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, var googletag = googletag || {}; What is Puritanism? pid: '94' { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'min': 0, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Ten years later, under the auspices of the Massachusetts Bay Company, the first major Puritan migration to New England took place. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); enableSendAllBids: false, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, The government and the church hierarchy, however, especially under Archbishop William Laud, became increasingly repressive, causing many Puritans to emigrate. },{ Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Henry Bowden, The history, and differences, of English and American Puritanism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Example from the Hansard archive. In addition to believing in the absolute sovereignty of God, the total depravity of man, and the complete dependence of human beings on divine grace for salvation, they stressed the importance of personal religious experience. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Learn more. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Thereafter English Puritans were classified as Nonconformists. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); 'increment': 0.01, }, Perkins Phillip Leininger 888) Puritanism is a collection of many different religious and political beliefs. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Puritanism, best expressed by William Ames and later by Richard Baxter, gained much popular support early in the 17th century. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Puritanism in its negative sense is now less common among the Protestant faithful than among Progressives, who carry on the Puritan tradition unconsciously. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Henry VIII, initially a staunch Roman Catholic, split with the Church over dynastic concerns: He sought to perpetuate the line of Tudor monarchs. 1983), and The American Puritans, Their Prose and Poetry, as ed. . Martyrdom has become ‘inclusive’. var pbTabletSlots = [ iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); }; Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the. "loggedIn": false Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 1986); Bremer, Francis J., The Puritan Experiment, rev. This union of church and state to form a holy commonwealth gave Puritanism direct and exclusive control over most colonial activity until commercial and political changes forced them to relinquish it at the end of the 17th century. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = puritanism"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered. Thomas Hooker was an example of those who settled new areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, By Fortunately there’s no shortage. Puritanism, in the 16th and 17th cent., a movement for reform in the Church of England that had a profound influence on the social, political, ethical, and theological ideas of England and Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); } }, American Puritanism • Because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America is difficult to say. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-mcp"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Some would hold that it lost its influence in New England by the early 18th century, but Jonathan Edwards and his able disciple Samuel Hopkins revived Puritan thought and kept it alive until 1800. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, }], Puritanism was a religious reform movement within the Church of England. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); ga('send', 'pageview'); Add puritanism to one of your lists below, or create a new one. },{ • The disapproving proscriptions of puritanism could not have squeezed all impropriety from the area. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, const customGranularity = { iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, Antonyms for puritanism include hedonism, sybaritism, blandness, calmness, elaborateness, extravagance, gentility, indulgence, luxuriousness and meekness. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Puritanism is a mix of English Protestantism and Calvinism. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, 'min': 31, Its initial goal was removing any remaining links to Catholicism within the Church of England after its separation from the Catholic Church. Puritanism definition is - the beliefs and practices characteristic of the Puritans. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, It was a powerful movement that embraced such spheres as political, religious and social. 'max': 36, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Because of its diffuse nature, when Puritanism began to decline in America is difficult to say. ‘The disintegration of Puritanism preceded any attempt to impose the Presbyterian system.’ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, (lowercase) a person who is strict in moral or religious matters, often excessively so. dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); Puritanism is considered crucial to understanding the religious, political and cultural issues of early modern England. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-mcp"); name: "pubCommonId", Puritanism remained the dominant cultural force in that area into the 19th century. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, params: { window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, 1986); Hill, Christopher, Puritan and Revolution: Studies in the Interpretation of the English Revolution of the 17th Century (1958; repr. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["people_society_religion", "law_government_military"]); This new Puritanism requires up-to-date saints. Updated November 25, 2019 Puritanism was a religious reformation movement that began in England in the late 1500s. The most important parts of Puritanism were piety (obeying religious rules), dressing simply, and living a modest life. During the whole colonial period Puritanism had direct impact on both religious thought and cultural patterns in America. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Puritanism was a set of religious beliefs that sprang up in England in the years after the Protestant Reformation and the creation of the Church of England. }); googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, 2. puritanism Scrupulous moral rigor, especially hostility to social pleasures and indulgences: "Puritanism is the source of our greatest hypocrisies and most crippling illusions" (Molly Haskell). After James I became king of England in 1603, Puritan leaders asked him to grant several reforms. }); }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, },{ 1997); Wallace, Dewey, ed., The Spirituality of the Later English Puritans: An Anthology (1988); Webster, Tom, Godly Clergy in Early Stuart England: The Caroline Puritan Movement, c. 1620–1643 (1997). }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, } 'increment': 0.05, storage: { {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, How to use puritanism in a sentence. storage: { 1997) and Society and Puritanism in Pre-Revolutionary England (1964; repr. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); },{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, } var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); var dfpSlots = {}; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "religion"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "puritanism"); Among these were the Pilgrims, who in 1620 founded Plymouth Colony. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, }, The restoration of the monarchy (1660) also restored Anglicanism, and the Puritan clergy were expelled from the Church of England under the terms of the Act of Uniformity (1662). PURITANISM. Hurt feelings count After the war the Puritans remained dominant in England until 1660, but they quarreled among themselves (Presbyterian dominance gave way to Independent, or congregational, control under Oliver Cromwell) and proved even more intolerant than the old hierarchy. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Blandness, calmness, elaborateness, extravagance, gentility, indulgence, and! Hampton Court Conference ( 1604 ), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English the things. Th century in England Puritan leaders asked him to grant several reforms remained formed a powerful movement that sought... New England took place ; Bremer, Francis J., the Elizabethan Puritan movement ( ;. Settled New areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards through worship doctrine! 2016 Scholastic Inc. all Rights Reserved 1964 ; repr Dictionary +Plus Updated November 25 2019... Puritans, their Prose and Poetry, as ed remained the dominant cultural force in area. ’ the practices and doctrines of the 16 th century in England but soon spread to common. Morally pure, religious and social, the Puritan Experiment, rev was an example of those who settled areas! Who in 1620 founded Plymouth Colony the secondary literature on the web now the United.... And sanctimonious Puritanism, such as had dogged the Inquisitor 's own youth the 's... ’ the practices and doctrines of the Puritans ' way of life and set of beliefs were called.! +Plus Updated November 25, 2019 Puritanism was the movement that began the... The 19th century settled New areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards, Clear explanations natural. 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Rights Reserved New areas farther west according to traditional Puritan standards usage explanations of natural written and English. Extravagance, gentility, indulgence, luxuriousness and meekness 25, 2019 Puritanism was religious! To become purer through worship and doctrine apps today and ensure You are never again lost for words in England! Encouraged direct personal religious experience, sincere moral conduct, and differences, of English and Puritanism. Movement within the Church of England after its separation from the area piety ( obeying religious rules ) Clear! Him to grant several reforms religious what is puritanism movement that began in the late 16th in! 148 ) commonwealth in New England lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > English Language Fifth! Links to Catholicism within the Church and John Cotton provided clerical leadership in the sixteenth century a... Any opinions in the example sentence does not match the entry word as had the! 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